PALO ALTO – The World Wide Web (WWW) has come of age. On January 1 2013 it turned officially 30 years old – in technology age, that’s very old.
NDJ World | Published: Jan 03 2013 High Tech→Lifestyle
The computer network officially began its technological revolution as a substitute for a previous networking systems, the Arpanet network, which began as a military project in the late 1960s and was based on designs by Welsh scientist Donald Davies.
January 1 1983 was the first day the US Department of Defense-commissioned the Arpanet network to switch over entirely to the internet protocol suite (IPS) communications system.
Using data “packet-switching”, the new method of linking computers paved the way for the arrival of the World Wide Web.
The new systems were designed to replace the more vulnerable Network Control Program (NCP) used previously, making sure the network was not exposed to a single point of failure.
This meant a single attack could not bring it down, making it safer and more reliable.
Chris Edwards, an electronics correspondent for Engineering and Technology magazine, said: “I don’t think that anybody making that switch on the day would have realized the importance of what they were doing.
“But without it the internet and the World Wide Web as we know them could not have happened.”
Development for the new system began in 1973 at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the Stanford Research Institute when work on the powerful and flexible IPS and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) technology, which would change mass communications, got under way.
By January 1, 1983, the substitution of the older system for the new internet protocol had been completed and the internet was born.
English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee was then able to use it to host the system of interlinked hypertext documents (HTML) he invented in 1989, known as the World Wide Web.
Since being first implemented on January 1 1983, billions of people across the globe have jumped on the revolutionary communications system phenomenon.
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