WARSAW – The oldest known survivor of the Nazi German death camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Antoni Dobrowolski, has died at the age of 108, one of the site’s official historians has announced.
NDJ World | Published: Oct 23 2012 Europe→World News
Adam Cyra, who works at the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial and museum, said Mr Dobrowolski died in the town of Debno, northwest Poland.
Mr Dobrowolski, a primary school teacher, ran secret classes during Germany’s World War II occupation of Poland, when the local population was barred from receiving an education.
Arrested in 1942 by the Gestapo, he was first sent to Auschwitz, in annexed Polish territory, and later transferred to Gross Rosen and Sachsenhausen, both in Germany.
He survived until the latter camp was liberated by Soviet and Polish forces in 1945.
Returning to Poland after the war, he first ran a primary school in Debno and then a secondary school.
Auschwitz-Birkenau is the most enduring symbol of the Holocaust, Nazi Germany’s campaign of genocide against Europe’s Jews. After the war’s end in 1945, it was transformed into a memorial and museum by Poland.
Of the six million Jews killed by the Nazis during the war, one million were murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau, mostly in its notorious gas chambers, along with tens of thousands of others including Poles, Roma and Soviet prisoners of war.
Contribution: Agence France-Presse
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